Jesus Insulted

“Those who passed by hurled insults at him,
shaking their heads and saying,
“You who are going to destroy the temple
and build it in three days,
save yourself! Come down from the cross,
if you are the Son of God!”
(Matthew 27:39-40)

How quickly praise has changed to insults. A few days before the crowds had shouted “Hosanna”. Then it was “Crucify!” Now they threw His words back at Him and ridiculed Him.

Notice how similar this challenge is to the one issued by the devil as he began the temptations in the desert.

  • “The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread.” (Luke 4:3)
  • “Come down from the cross, if you are the Son of God!”

Both challenged Him to prove His identity as the Son of God by performing a miracle. Both challenges were also focussed on His physical need. Both were rejected by the Lord whose vision and purpose where far greater.

We all face challenges and temptations in our lives – including those that will establish us as significant in the eyes of others. We would be mortified if we were to lose our reputation and be discarded as worthless – particularly if it happened in such a public and humiliating way.

Jesus suffered this as a part of His sacrifice of Himself on our behalf. There was no glory involved at the time.




“When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes,
dividing them into four shares, one for each of them,
with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless,
woven in one piece from top to bottom.
“Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another.
“Let’s decide by lot who will get it.”
This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said,
“They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.”
So this is what the soldiers did.”
(John 19:23-24)

Who would have thought that the blood-stained garments of a convicted criminal would have had any value to a Roman soldier. Yet they obviously did. When they came to the undergarment instead of cutting it up with a piece for each of them they drew lots to decide who would get it.

John is strangely specific in his description at this point – “This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.” Barclay tells us that “this is the precise description of the linen tunic which the High Priest wore.” So here is a quiet reference to the high priestly ministry of Jesus – the perfect High Priest through whom people could come into the presence of God themselves. John starts His Gospel with the Word made flesh and draws it to a close with the eternal High Priest ministering to both God and man and enabling them to come together.

However, whilst these tremendously important events were taking place above their heads the soldiers were concerned only with their plunder and their gambling. Although they were professional soldiers in a foreign land they still in a way represent to us the indifference that exists in the world today.  It bends its heads to the business of accumulation and is blind to the awesome expression of the love and grace of God which rises before us at this time.

This whole incident is made all the more pertinent by the value attached to it as a fulfilment of prophecy (Psalm 22:18). In all that was happening God’s hand can be discerned – even down to the disposal of the Saviour’s clothes.


No Thank You

“They offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall;
but after tasting it, he refused to drink it”
(Matthew 27:34)

One of the greatest blessings of medical research is the advancement made in the area of pain-killers. Having had a number of surgical procedures in the last two years I have been made very aware of the benefits of being unconscious during the operations and relieved of pain after them.

Jesus did not have that blessing. In fact He refused the best that was on offer – the wine mixed with gall. William Barclay tells us that this drug was made-up by a group of wealthy women in Jerusalem as an act of mercy. It was a way of deadening the senses.

However, Jesus was not going to pass through His hours on the cross in a drugged state of semi-consciousness. In dying there for our sins ‘He was determined to accept the suffering and death at its bitterest and at its grimmest and to avoid no particle of pain.’ His calling was to be a living sacrifice and not a senseless offering. So He suffered in our place the punishment and death that we deserved.

We cannot begin to imagine the searing pain in every part of His body over those long hours, and the spiritual torment that He suffered in the process. But He hung there and accepted and absorbed it for every moment of my life and living – the past, the present and the future – and for the eternity that was His to offer.

“Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows,
yet we considered him stricken by God,
smitten by him, and afflicted.
But he was pierced for our transgressions,
he was crushed for our iniquities;
the punishment that brought us peace was upon him,
and by his wounds we are healed”
(Isaiah 53:4-5)


Forgive Them

“Jesus said, “Father, forgive them,
for they do not know what they are doing”
(Luke 23:34)

There was only one person there who knew the truth of what was happening – and that was Jesus Himself.

There were others who should have known, but they either could not or would not acknowledge the truth. How could they have stood there and acknowledged that this man on the cross before them – whom many had had a hand in putting there – was in fact the eternal Son of God and the long-awaited Messiah? Yet Jesus had warned them in His parable of the Tenants.

  • “Then the owner of the vineyard said, `What shall I do? I will send my son, whom I love; perhaps they will respect him.” (Luke 20:13)
  • “But when the tenants saw him, they talked the matter over. `This is the heir,’ they said. `Let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.” (Luke 20:14)
  • “The teachers of the law and the chief priests looked for a way to arrest him immediately, because they knew he had spoken this parable against them.” (Luke 20:19)

Then there were the others –the crowd, the soldiers, even His family and disciples – who were not fully aware of what was happening in front of them. And so it fell to Jesus to say something into the situation, and His words are remarkable. No anger at the blindness and callousness of the authority figures, no rebuke for the fickleness of the crowds, no startling miracle or revelation to humiliate His accusers – just these simple words coming as a desperate appeal from His breaking heart of love. He asked His Father to forgive them just as He obviously already had.

“Father, forgive them,
for they do not know what they are doing”

And none of us really know what it is that we do when we sin – when we choose ourselves above Him – when we choose our way instead of His – when we choose our pleasure and security over His will and trust in Him.

And still that remarkable prayer echoes down the corridors of history and hangs over each one of our lives today in such a loving and gracious blessing for,

  • “He is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them” (Hebrews 7:25)
  • “If anybody does sin, we have one who speaks to the Father in our defence–Jesus Christ, the Righteous One” (1 John 2:1)

How truly blessed we are.


(Picture: Christ of Saint John of the Cross – Salvador Dali –
Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow)

Finally …

“When they came to the place called the Skull,
there they crucified him,
along with the criminals
– one on his right, the other on his left”
(Luke 23:33)

Finally Jesus had arrived. Since before the creation of the world this was the place towards which His redeeming ministry had been pointed. However there were no laurel wreath and great acclaim awaiting Him. There were no crowds to cheer Him on like a long-distance runner finally entering the stadium for one last and glorious lap.

Instead he was stripped naked. His torn, bruised and bleeding body was fixed to the cross. Brutal nails were driven through His tortured flesh. There He was hung out to die in the cruellest fashion devised by man and reserved for the lowest class of criminal. This point was highlighted by the presence of His companions on their crosses. The tableau proclaimed that here was no lonely martyr – the victim of cruel oppression and blind hatred. Here He was ‘numbered with the transgressors.’ (Isaiah 53:12)

Peter Marshall envisioned it like this.

And so the crowd came to Golgotha,
a hill shaped like a skull, outside the city gates.

Only as the nails were driven in,
did the shouting stop.
There was a hush.
Most of them were stunned …. horrified …
Even the hardest of them were silenced.

Mary, the mother of Jesus,
closed her eyes
and stopped her ears;
she could not bear the thud of the hammer.

A group of soldiers took hold of the crossbeam
and lifted it slowly off the ground.
With each movement the nails tore
at the shredded flesh
in the wrists of the Nazarene.
The cross swayed in the air for a moment
and then with a thud
dropped into the hole prepared for it.


Taking His Yoke

“For if men do these things when the tree is green,
what will happen when it is dry?”
(Luke 23:31)

And so they placed the cross on Jesus shoulders and led Him staggering towards the place of execution. On the way they met Simon of Cyrene and, because the weight of the cross was almost too much for the Lord, they made him carry it for Him. Simon might not have been too happy at the time but afterwards may have counted it his greatest privilege.

A large number of people followed this grim and slow procession including ‘women who mourned and wailed for Him.’ These must have included those who had followed Him in His ministry and helped to support Him and His disciples. There would have been Mary His mother as well as Mary Magdalen and possibly the sisters Martha and Mary. With them could have been many of the women of the city as well.

At one point Jesus turned to them and gave a prophetic warning of the terrible times to come – times so bad that the women without children to suffer would be counted the more fortunate.

And then He gave a final warning. If men to these things even to Him whilst He is in their midst what shocking things may they do when He is gone. Indeed we can see it in ourselves. There are things we would never contemplate whilst in church on Sundays. However from Monday to Friday they may well become a part of our lives and living.

Lent gives us an opportunity to ask of ourselves – “Do I walk all day and every day with the Lord, or do I merely walk behind Him and watch?”


(Picture: Christ Falling on the Way to Calvary, Raphael)

This they did

“Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified. Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him. They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on his head. They put a staff in his right hand and knelt in front of him and mocked him. “Hail, king of the Jews!” they said. They spit on him, and took the staff and struck him on the head again and again. After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put his own clothes on him.
Then they led him away to crucify him”
(Matthew 27:26-31)

Pilate now called for water and washed his hands in front of the crowd whilst saying that he was ‘innocent of this man’s blood.’ In this way he finally gave in to their requests. However, much as he might want it to, the water could not cleanse him of his responsibility for what was to take place. Like Lady Macbeth he would carry his acts into the final judgement still to come.

“Here’s the smell of the blood still.
All the perfumes of Arabia
will not sweeten this little hand.
Oh, Oh, Oh!”

‘He had Jesus flogged.’ Four little words quickly read that cover over what was in fact a ‘terrible torture.’ According to William Barclay the lash was ‘a long leather thong, studded at intervals with sharpened pieces of bone and pellets of lead. Such scourging always preceded a crucifixion and it “reduced the naked body to strips of raw flesh, and inflamed and bleeding weals.” Men died under it, and men lost their reason under it, and few remained conscious to the end of it.”

After this the soldiers amused themselves with the Lord whilst His cross was prepared. There was more pain to come as the long thorns of His crown were driven into His head when they ‘struck Him on the head again and again.”

I well recall saying to myself whilst watching The Passion of the Christ, “That’s enough now Lord, that’s enough blood!” But it was whilst Jesus was still struggling along the road towards Calvary where He had hours more terrible agony in front of Him. He had to live through every long and soul-screaming second – and He did it for me – and for you – and for all of us – because He loves and wants us with Him – so much.


(Picture: The Flagellation of Christ by Rubens)

Your choice

“Now it was the governor’s custom at the Feast to release a prisoner chosen by the crowd. At that time they had a notorious prisoner, called Barabbas. So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, “Which one do you want me to release to you: Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?” For he knew it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus over to him”
(Matthew 27:15-18)

Pilate made one last effort to have the crowd agree to his releasing Jesus. Seemingly coincidentally it was the time for him to release a prisoner chosen by the people. He gave them the choice between Jesus and ‘a notorious prisoner called Barabbas.’ Maybe even he was sickened when they chose the guilty Barabbas over the innocent Christ. But he was now committed – and he released Barabbas.

How must Barabbas have felt when he was brought before the governor and the crowd – and then told that he was free to go? Perhaps he turned and looked at the man who was to take his place – and could their eyes have met? What would have gone through his mind as he walked away into the crowd – and even later when he stood on the fringes and watched as his redeemer was crucified and died?

Maybe he felt the unfairness of it all, particularly as he learned more about the man they called Jesus. But it would have been expecting too much for him to have objected to his freedom at the cost of the life of another. For after all he might have faced crucifixion himself and only an idiot would choose to die that way so that another could go free.

Yes, only an idiot – certainly not a Messiah or the Son of God for they would be far too important.

And three days later when the stories of a resurrection began to circulate what then did he think? Perhaps he wished he had not grinned quite so triumphantly at his condemned liberator as he passed on to the freedom of the world.

Yes, He did warn us about valuing our life in this world over our life in the next.


(Picture from The Passion of the Christ)

Speak to me

“Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said.
“Don’t you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?”
(John 19:10)

Again with Pilate Jesus answered some of his direct questions but did not respond to the accusations brought against Him. He was not going to fight the process ordained by God nor to squabble with the religious leaders.

Pilate was afraid of the anger of the chief priests, officials and the crowd. He was alarmed by reports that Jesus was said to be the King of the Jews and startled by the accusations that He ‘claimed to be the Son of God.’

However when he said that he ‘found no basis for a charge against him’ he was shouted down and even threatened by the crowd.

“Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jews kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar”  (John 19:12)

In some frustration he confronted Jesus with the above questions, amazed that He did nothing to try and secure His release. Jesus knew that in fact Pilate was not strong enough to exercise this authority in His favour. Nevertheless He responded,

“You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above”  (John 19:11)

Pilate was like a mouse caught in a glass cage. Twisting and turning he sought a way out as the serpentine coils of the crowd curled tighter and tighter around his space. Eventually he would give up to save himself – just as many still do.

In each of us there may be something of Pilate, something of the crowd, something of the religious leaders – until the love and grace and Spirit of the Lord transforms us. But how would they have felt on that day and afterwards?  Is the Poet Stanislaw Jerzy Lee correct when he says,

“No snowflake in an avalanche ever feels responsible”?

There was certainly an avalanche of inflamed hostility against Jesus that day.


Are You?

“The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for false evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death”
 (Matthew 26:59)

Surely this is one of the most damming sentences in Scripture. The religious leaders, responsible for the spiritual welfare of God’s chosen people, were seeking lies – or ‘alternative facts’ – which they could then use as a reason for having Jesus executed. It is small wonder that He had exclaimed earlier,

“Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of dead men’s bones and everything unclean. In the same way, on the outside you appear to people as righteous but on the inside you are full of hypocrisy and wickedness”  (Matthew 23:27-28)

And surely that is one of the most terrible judgements that could be handed down from God to the shepherds of His flock.

Jesus did not have much to say to them because He knew what they were after. It was not the truth but an excuse to have Him crucified. So even when He was asked to comment on some of the allegations made against Him He remained silent. It was only when the high priest called on Him to respond to his direct question that He answered.

“But Jesus remained silent. The high priest said to him, “I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” “Yes, it is as you say,” Jesus replied. “But I say to all of you: In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.” (Matthew 26:63-64)

This was what the high priest was looking for – not because it was the truth or something definite that they could debate with Him. It was a blasphemy deserving of death – unless of course it was true. That however did not cross their minds – notwithstanding His teaching and His miracles.

They were unanimous in their judgement.

“”He is worthy of death,” they answered. Then they spit in his face and struck him with their fists. Others slapped him and said, “Prophesy to us, Christ. Who hit you?”  (Matthew 26:66-68)

And when they had finished with the Son of God they bound him and led Him to the governor, Pontius Pilate. How do I treat Him?


(Picture: Gerrit van Honthorst – National Gallery)